Top conservation groups released an action plan for the United States today to dramatically crack down on the illegal wildlife trade, which is the most probable cause of the global coronavirus pandemic. Among other proposals, the action plan recommends that the United States end live wildlife imports, curtail all other wildlife trade until stricter regulations are adopted, and take a global leadership role in controlling wildlife trade to stop future pandemics.
Over the past 40 years, most global pandemics — including: HIV, SARS, Ebola, and Zika — have been zoonotic, meaning that they jumped from wildlife to people. The coronavirus originated from a live wildlife market in Wuhan, China, — potentially passed from a bat, to another animal, to a human. Wildlife markets typically sell many different species of live wildlife, including both legally and illegally sourced animals.
“If we’re going to avoid future pandemics, the United States and every other nation needs to do its part to stop the exploitation of wildlife,” said Brett Hartl, government affairs director at the Center for Biological Diversity in a statement. “The loss of life and other devastating impacts of the coronavirus makes it clear that the meager economic benefits of commodifying wildlife are simply not worth the risks.”
The wildlife trade is a global problem. Importing more than 224 million live animals and 883 million other species of wildlife every year, the United States is one of the world’s top wildlife importers. It also remains a common destination for illegally traded species. The United States and other nations have made only half-hearted efforts to address the impacts of the wildlife trade and lack capacity to address trade effectively.
Today’s action plan, released by the Center for Biological Diversity and Natural Resources Defense Council proposes actions under four broader categories that Congress and federal agencies should implement to prevent future zoonotic pandemics:
Lead a global crackdown on the wildlife trade
Strengthen U.S. conservation laws to fight the wildlife trade
Invest $ 10 billion in U.S. and global capacity to stop the wildlife trade, while helping communities transition to alternative livelihoods
Resume the U.S. position as a global leader in international wildlife conservation.
“This pandemic has made it clear: the wildlife trade is not only a threat to biodiversity—it’s also a threat to global public health,” said Elly Pepper, deputy director for International Wildlife Conservation at the Natural Resources Defense Council. “China’s response to the COVID-19 crisis took quick action to restrict wildlife trade. In contrast, the U.S. has failed to take a single step towards minimizing this threat. That should change now.”
Biodiversity loss, high rates of deforestation, and vast increases in agricultural development are leading to an increase in human encroachment into previously undisturbed habitat and contact with wildlife. As people move deeper into these last natural areas of the planet, scientists believe that infectious diseases will continue to emerge. Experts predict that new diseases will emerge from wildlife to infect humans somewhere between every four months and every three years.
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